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African-American/Black History and Heritage
A collection of books and links. See Women in History for additional books.

The book links will take you either to a destination on this site or to a review at amazon.com

AFRICANA : THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE AFRICAN AND AFRICAN AMERICAN EXPERIENCE
Kwame Anthony Appiah and Henry Gates, Editors

Adler, David
A PICTURE BOOK OF ROSA PARKS - Ages 4-8
A PICTURE BOOK OF HARRIET TUBMAN - Ages 4-8
A PICTURE BOOK OF SOJOURNER TRUTH - Ages 4-8
Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad - Ages 10 and up

Alexander, Anita
GINGERSNAPS: DAILY AFFIRMATIONS FOR AFRICAN AMERICAN CHILDREN AND FAMILIES
HEROES FOR CIVIL RIGHTS - Ages 6-10

Alexander, Elizabeth, and Marilyn Nelson
MISS CRANDALL'S SCHOOL FOR YOUNG LADIES AND LITTLE MISSES OF COLOR - Her young students knew that Miss Crandall had committed no crime. They knew that the real criminals were the rich white residents of Canterbury, Connecticut, who had poisoned the school's water and set fire to the schoolhouse. But racism could not keep these girls from their schooling. Nor could hatred destroy the patience and compassion that Miss Crandall had taught them. From March of 1833 to September of 1834, when persecution forced the school to close, these African American women, many the daughters of freed slaves, learned that they deserved an education. What they needed was the courage to go after it. (Poetry) Ages 9 and up.

Angelou, Maya [Bio] [Life Doesn't Frighten Me][1993 Inaugural Poem]
I SHALL NOT BE MOVED (Collection of poems)
LIFE DOESN'T FRIGHTEN ME
BLACK PEARLS : THE POETRY OF MAYA ANGELOU
BEARING WITNESS : CONTEMPORARY WORKS BY AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN ARTISTS

Armstrong, William Howard
SOUNDER - Ages: 9-12 Newbery Medal

Ashe, Arthur
ARTHUR ASHE: PORTRAIT IN MOTION

Ashe, Arthur R., Jr., Joe Morgan
A HARD ROAD TO GLORY: BASEBALL: THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN ATHLETE IN BASEBALL

Baldwin, James
NOTES OF A NATIVE SON
NOBODY KNOWS MY NAME : MORE NOTES OF A NATIVE SON

Barksdale
BLACK WRITERS OF AMERICA -Biographies of Black American authors

Battle-Lavert, Gwendolyn
PAPA'S MARK - Ages 6 Up - A son helps his father learn to sign his name so he can vote on the first election day for African-Americans.

Blackshaw, Anne, Tim McKee
No More Strangers Now : Young Voices from a New South Africa - Ages: 10 and Up

Bolden, Tonya
AND NOT AFRAID TO DARE: THE STORIES OF TEN AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN - Ages: 9-12. Chapter-length biographies:Ellen Craft, Charlotte Forten Grimk‚, Mary Fields, Ida B. Wells, Mary McLeod Bethune, Clara Hale, Leontyne Price, Toni Morrison, Mae C. Jemison, and Jackie Joyner-Kersee.
THE BOOK OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN: 150 CRUSADERS, CREATORS, AND UPLIFTERS - Brief biographies of 150 familiar and unfamiliar women.

PORTRAITS OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN HEROES - Ages: 8 Up
Here is a stunningly beautiful book consisting of portraits- in words and pictures-of twenty outstanding African-Americans. These profiles in fortitude and vision capture the essence of these remarkable men and women who changed their communities and their country. The individuals range from historical to contemporary figures and represent diverse fields of endeavor- from politics and the law to athletics, science, the arts, and more. Starting with the abolitionist Frederick Douglass and ending with Ben Carson, a noted surgeon, these portraits cover more than 150 years of American history.

For each individual, there is a three- page biography by the noted author Tonya Bolden and a striking portrait that captures not only the subject's likeness but is a work of art in itself. This is a book to inspire, to teach, or to display-and to make you reflect on what it really means to be a hero.
--Dutton Books 2003

Branch, Taylor
PARTING THE WATERS : AMERICA IN THE KING YEARS, 1954-63 - concentration on the Civil Rights Movement during the Martin Luther King, Jr. years.
PILLAR OF FIRE : AMERICA IN THE KING YEARS, 1963-65 - (emphasis on the non violence during the Civil Rights Movement.)

Branch, Muriel M. and Mary E. Lyons
DEAR ELLEN BEE: The Civil War Scrapbook of Two Union Spies Ages 10-14

Bridges, Ruby
THROUGH MY EYES - Bridges personally recounts her first grade experience as she is escorted by federal marshals; her feeling of being isolated; cruel jeers, racial slurs and death threats; the courage, struggles and support of her family; her student/teacher relationship and the Foundation she created to give back to her community.

Brimner, Larry Dane
WE ARE ONE: THE STORY OF BAYARD RUSTIN - Bayard (pronounced BUY-ard) Rustin was a man with purpose--and a man with heart. His was a life dedicated to helping others--fighting injustices and discriminations--so that people could live as one. He made his mark working alongside African American labor-leader A. Philip Randolph and provided guidance to Martin Luther King, Jr., about the techniques and principles of Gandhi's nonviolent protest throughout King's short but remarkable civil rights career. He was thrust upon the world stage in 1963 when he spearheaded the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.

Brown, Sterling A.
THE COLLECTED POEMS OF STERLING A. BROWN
THE NEGRO CARAVAN - Highlighted writings by African-Americans, Sterling A. Brown, Editor

Broyles, Anne
PRISCILLA AND THE HOLLYHOCKS - Priscilla is only four years old when her mother is sold to another master. All Priscilla has to remember her mother by are the hollyhocks she planted by the cow pond. At age ten, Priscilla is sold to a Cherokee family and continues her life as a slave. She keeps hope for a better life alive by planting hollyhocks wherever she goes. At last, her forced march along the Trail of Tears brings a chance encounter that leads to her freedom. Includes an author's note with more details about this fascinating true story as well as instructions for making hollyhock dolls. Ages 6 up

Burchard, Peter
FREDICK DOUGLASS: FOR THE GREAT FAMILY OF MAN - Ages 12 up - Here in a swift and compelling narrative, Peter Burchard tells the story of the greatest black American of the nineteenth century, a pioneer who laid down a firm foundation for all men and women who came after him.

As a child and as a youth, Frederick Douglass was a slave, but his intelligence, his resilient character, and his innate charm, together with a measure of good fortune, made it possible for him to rise above a state of servitude. He became a forceful speaker and persuasive writer and conducted a campaign to abolish slavery and secure civil rights for his people and for all Americans. He saw himself as a soldier in a battle for the dignity of the "great family of man."

This new biography presents Douglass as he lived through the misery, tragedy, and heart break of his early years, as he escaped from slavery only to endure anxiety and outrage in the free states of the North. He eventually made his way to Great Britain, where he lectured forcefully against slavery.

In the United States, as the Civil War began, Douglass recruited young black men to fight and die for their freedom and the freedom of their brothers held in bondage in the South. He became a friend and counselor to presidents, senators, and governors.

Here is a full-length portrait of this strong and passionate American.
--Atheneum Books for Young Readers

Bryan, Ashley
BEAUTIFUL BLACKBIRD - Adaptation of a Zambian tale - appreciating one's heritage and beauty within.
ASHLEY BRYAN'S ABC OF AFRICAN AMERICAN POETRY - Ages 4-8 -
I'M GOING TO SING - Black American spirituals illustrated by Ashley Bryan. (out of print)
ALL NIGHT, ALL DAY: A CHILD'S FIRST BOOK OF AFRICAN AMERICAN SPIRITUALS Ages: 4-8
Ashley Bryan's African Tales, Uh-Huh
Ashley Bryan's ABC of African American Poetry
Beat the Story-Drum, Pum-Pum
Carol Of The Brown King
What A Wonderful World

Bundles, A'Lelia
ON HER OWN GROUND : THE LIFE AND TIMES OF MADAM C.J. WALKER - Ages YA Up. (1867-1919) - Entrepreneur, Philanthropist, Social Activist. Black laundress who founded a cosmetics company and became the first female self-made millionaire in the United States. [bio]

Burleigh, Robert
LANGSTON'S TRAIN RIDE - Ages 8-11
Clackety clack clack clack. Can you hear the rhythm of the train? Langston Hughes did. Traveling to see his father in 1920, as he listened to the sounds of the train -- metal on metal, wheels on rails -- Hughes's imagination took flight. On that ride, he was inspired to write his first famous poem, "The Negro Speaks of Rivers." This picture book tells the story of Langston Hughes's rise to accomplishing his dream of being a writer. With bold, striking illustrations by Leonard Jenkins, here is a book for any young person with a dream.

Chambers, Veronica
MARISOL AND MAGDELENA: THE SOUND OF OUR SISTERHOOD - Ages 9-12

Coleman, Evelyn - See Special Books Section
WHITE SOCKS ONLY
TO BE A DRUM
THE RICHES OF OSEOLA MCCARTY

Collier, Bryan
UPTOWN - Ages 4-8 - A tour of Harlem through a boy's eyes.

Cooper, Afua
MY NAME IS PHILLIS WHEATLEY: A STORY OF SLAVERY AND FREEDOM (Ages 10-14) [This is the remarkable story of Phillis Wheatley, who is born into an African family of griots, or storytellers, but captured by slave raiders and forced aboard a slave ship. Weakened by the voyage and near death in a Boston slave market, Wheatley is bought by a kind family who nurses her back to health and teaches her to read and write.]
MY NAME IS HENRY BIBB: A STORY OF SLAVERY AND FREEDOM (Ages 10-14) [based on the life of Henry Bibb, an American slave who after repeated attempts escaped in 1841 to become an anti-slavery speaker, author and founder of a Black newspaper.]

Copeland, D. C.
ONCE UPON A TIME IN HARLEM Radio Play/Reading Version - A jitterbug love story woven between the lives and times of legendary black entertainers, black and white thugs, and the common man in swinging 1930's Harlem. READ MORE HERE

Cooper, Michael L.
SLAVE SPIRITUALS and the JUBILEE SINGERS - Ages 10 Up - In 1871, six years after slavery was abolished, a group from Fisk University known as the Jubilee Singers embarked on a tour to raise money for their struggling school. Despite a lack of funds and encounters with racism, they eventually became one of the most famous musical groups of the nineteenth century.

Courlander, Harold
A TREASURY OF AFRICAN FOLKLORE : THE ORAL LITERATURE, TRADITIONS, MYTHS, LEGENDS, EPICS, TALES, RECOLLECTIONS, WISDOM, SAYINGS, AND HUMOR OF AFRICA

Cullen, Countee
ON THESE I STAND - Anthology of the best poems of Countee Cullen
MY SOUL'S HIGH SONG : THE COLLECTED WRITINGS OF COUNTEE CULLEN, VOICE OF THE HARLEM RENAISSANCE

Curtis, Christopher Paul
The Watsons Go To Birmingham-1963 A Novel by Christopher Paul Curtis - Newbery Honor and Coretta Scott King Honor

Davis, Ossie
ESCAPE TO FREEDOM: A PLAY ABOUT YOUNG FREDERICK DOUGLASS

Delany,Elizabeth, Hill Hearth, Annie eliza Delany, Sara Louise Delany, Amy Hill Hearth
HAVING OUR SAY : THE DELANEY SISTER'S FIRST 100 YEARS

Diane and Leo Dillon [teacher resource file]
To Every Thing There Is A Season
Ashanti To Zulu : African Traditions
Why Mosquitoes Buzz In People's Ears: A West African Tale

Driskell, David C., Camille O. Cosby, William H., Jr. Cosby
THE OTHER SIDE OF COLOR: African American Art in the Collection of Camille O. and William H. Cosby, Jr. - All Ages - A thorough critique of the African American art experience—the other side of color—breaks new ground in presenting almost one hundred selections from a unique art collection that provides the context for this book.

First is an overview of the history of African American art—which in this country predates the Civil War—and a detailed explanation of the raison d’etre behind the Cosby collection. Part 2 discusses five prominent postcolonial African American artists who lead the way for future black artists and the struggles they overcame to promote cultural emancipation and acceptance in the American mainstream.

Dray, Philip
YOURS FOR JUSTICE, IDA B. WELLS: THE DARING LIFE OF A CRUSADING JOURNALIST - the inspirational story of Ida B. Wells, from her birth into a slave family in Mississippi and her early encounters with racism to her lifelong commitment to end injustice. Appendix: More about Ida, Time Line, More about lynching, and bibliography. (Middle School)

Dunbar, Paul Laurence [ Digital Text Collection]
THE COMPLETE POEMS OF PAUL LAURENCE DUNBAR

DuBois, W.E.B.
THE GIFT OF BLACK FOLK : THE NEGROES IN THE MAKING OF AMERICA 1971
THE SOULS OF BLACK FOLK - 14 essays which records the cruelties of racism, celebrates the strength and pride of Black America, and explores the paradoxical "double consciousness" of African-American life.

Dunbar, Julia
THE WALLS OF CARTAGENA (Ages 9-12) - Not even walls can stop the desire to be free! 17th-century Cartagena, Colombia/Portugese Slave ships. Based on real historical characters. Fiction.

Ellison, Ralph [see also] [ref. Jack the Bear][essays and reviews]
THE INVISIBLE MAN - Journey of a man growing up in a black community in the South to Harlem.

English, Karen
FRANCIE Ages 9-12 - A story about possibilities.

Farris, Christine King
MARCH ON! The Day My Brother Martin Changed the World (Ages 9-12) - On a hot August day in 1963, hundreds of thousands of people made history when they marched into Washington, D.C., in search of equality. Martin Luther King, Jr., the younger brother of Christine King Farris, was one of them.
Martin was scheduled to speak to the crowds of people on that day. But before he could stand up and inspire a nation, he had to get down to business. He first had to figure out what to say and how to say it. So he spent all night working on his "I Have a Dream" speech, one that would underscore a landmark moment in civil rights history--the Great March on Washington. This would be one of the first events televised all over the globe. The world would be listening, as one of the greatest orators of our time shared his vision for a new day.

Flake, Sharon
THE SKIN I'M IN - Ages 9-12. Tackles "real" issues of Black Girls - self acceptance, self esteem, light/dark,what is beauty?

Fox, Paula
THE SLAVE DANCER - Ages: 9-12 Newbery Medal

Dennis Brindell Fradin
MY FAMILY SHALL BE FREE: THE LIFE OF PETER STILL [2001] - Ages 10 Up. “At the beginning of the nineteenth century, approximately one million people of African descent were slaves in the United States, and this number rose to almost four million by the beginning of the Civil War in 1861. Sold like cattle, slaves belonged to the highest bidder. Their lives were sad and often short. There was, however, a small number who, through sheer bravery and perseverance, managed to buy their freedom. My Family Shall Be Free! Is the amazing and powerful true story of one such hero, Peter Still.

POWER OF ONE: DAISY BATES AND THE LITTLE ROCK NINE
by Judith Bloom Bloom Fradin, Dennis Brindell Fradin
The life of civil rights leader Daisy Bates is vividly detailed in this stirring new biography by an acclaimed husband-wife team. Throughout her life, Daisy Bates worked tirelessly for civil rights as an activist, journalist, and organizer. She first captured national attention as the mentor of the nine black students who integrated Central High School in Little Rock in 1957. During this crisis President Dwight Eisenhower was forced to use federal troops to insure the admission of the students, who became known as the Little Rock Nine. In 1999, just hours after her funeral, President Bill Clinton bestowed the Congressional Gold Medal on the Little Rock Nine, and two years later Daisy Bates was honored by a state holiday in Arkansas. In this noteworthy companion to their other distinguished biographies of African Americans, Dennis and Judith Fradin have drawn upon a trove of archival material including papers, correspondence, and photographs of her life and work. They also interviewed some of her living relatives and members of the Little Rock Nine. The result is a compelling, inspiring book about the courage and determination of one woman in the face of prejudice and intolerance. Endnotes, bibliography, index.

Franklin, John Hope
FROM SLAVERY TO FREEDOM: A HISTORY OF AFRICAN AMERICANS - All Ages

Freedman, Russell
FREEDOM WALKERS: THE STORY OF THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT - Ages 9-12 [Lesson Plans]

Fuhler, Carol
TEACHING READING WITH MULTICULTURAL BOOKS KIDS LOVE

Garfield, Deborah, Rafia Zafar (Editors)
HARRIET JACOBS AND INCIDENTS IN THE LIFE OF A SLAVE GIRL : NEW CRITICAL ESSAYS

Giovanni, Nikki
COTTON CANDY ON A RAINY DAY - Collection of Giovanni's Poems
THE NIKKI GIOVANNI POETRY COLLECTION [Audio CD 2002]
ROSA (Ages 8-10)
She had not sought this moment but she was ready for it. When the policeman bent down to ask “Auntie, are you going to move?” all the strength of all the people through all those many years joined in her. She said, “No.”
Fifty years after her refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Alabama, city bus, Mrs. Rosa Parks is still one of the most important figures in the American civil rights movement. This picture- book tribute to Mrs. Parks is a celebration of her courageous action and the events that followed.
ON MY JOURNEY NOW: LOOKING AT AFRICAN-AMERICAN HISTORY THROUGH THE SPIRITUALS [compelling portraits through the words of songs such as "Go Down, Moses" and "Ain’t Got Time to Die," and celebrating a people who overcame enslavement and found a way to survive, to worship, and to build.] (Young Adult)

Greenfield, Eloise
NIGHT ON NEIGHBORHOOD STREET - Ages: 4-8 - A collection of poems exploring the sights and sounds of a black neighborhood during one night.

Grifalconi, Ann
THE VILLAGE OF ROUND AND SQUARE HOUSES Ages 4-8 - A true story of the Central African village of Tos where the men live in square houses and the women in round ones.

Grimes, Nikki
DANITRA BROWN LEAVES TOWN - Ages 8 Up - Friendship through a series of poems. Facing challenges. [Lesson Plan]
ANEESA LEE AND THE WEAVER'S GIFT (1999) Ages 7 and Up - Read More [Lesson Plan]
JAZMIN'S NOTEBOOK [Lesson Plan]

Halfmann, Janet
SEVEN MILES TO FREEDOM: THE ROBERT SMALLS STORY (Ages 8-11) [Growing up a slave in South Carolina, Robert Smalls always dreamed of the moment freedom would be within his grasp. Now that moment was here. Robert stood proudly at the Planter’s wheel. Only seven miles of water lay between the ship and the chance of freedom in Union territory. With precision and amazing courage, he navigated past the Confederate forts in the harbor and steered the ship toward the safety of the Union fleet. Just one miscalculation would be deadly, but for Robert, his family, and his crewmates, the risk was worth taking. This is a compelling account of the daring escape of Robert Smalls, a slave steamboat wheelman who became one of the Civil War’s greatest heroes. His steadfast courage in the face of adversity is an inspiring model for all who attempt to overcome seemingly insurmountable challenges. ] [Crossword Puzzle]

Halpern, Monica A.
MOVING NORTH: AFRICAN AMERICANS AND THE GREAT MIGRATION 1915-1930 - Ages 10 Up - After the Civil War, the South went through a period of rebuilding, termed Reconstruction, but because many white people in the South were not ready to accept African Americans as equals, unfair laws were passed which restricted the rights of blacks. These Black Codes and Jim Crow laws left African Americans in a segregated world. Life was better in the north in many ways for African Americans. The 1920s brought jobs and money—until The Great Depression hit. The Depression made times more difficult and left many homeless and jobless. The Harlem Renaissance ended, and many blacks left the cities seeking jobs wherever they could find them. Despite the hard times that followed, the Great Migration had brought many blessings for African Americans.

Hamilton, Virginia (1936-2002) [Newbery   Fairy Tales]
HER STORIES : AFRICAN AMERICAN FOLKTALES, FAIRY TALES, AND TRUE TALES - Ages: 9-12. Her Stories is a spirited celebration of strength, dreams, life and love from generation to generation.
ANTHONY BURNS: THE DEFEAT AND TRIUMPH OF A FUGITIVE SLAVE - Ages: 9-12. The 1854 trial that tested the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
HOUSE OF DIES DREAR - Ages 9-12 (mystery about Underground Railroad)
THE PEOPLE COULD FLY Winner, 1986 Coretta Scott King Award. (Ages 9 and up) [Retold Afro-American folktales of animals, fantasy, the supernatural, and desire for freedom, born of the sorrow of the slaves, but passed on in hope.] Illustrated by Leo and Diane Dillon.
VIRGINIA HAMILTON: SPEECHES, ESSAYS, AND CONVERSATIONS(Ages 12 and up) (2010) - Breaking new ground came naturally to Virginia Hamilton. In 1967, the publication of her first book, Zeely, launched the modern era of African American children's fiction. Through her more than forty award-winning books spanning multiple genres, in scores of speeches worldwide, and in essays for prominent magazines and journals, Hamilton helped to bridge cultures and generations. In 2010, eight years after her death, this important legacy continues to grow.
Virginia Hamilton: Speeches, Essays, And Conversations, co-edited by Arnold Adoff and Kacy Cook, gives us Hamilton's voice through her career, from her first nationally published essay in 1971 to her final speech at a children's book festival in 2001. Through these pieces, Hamilton explored her creative process and shared her views on the role of the writer as well as insights on the central themes of her work.

Hampton, Lionel , Haskins, James
HAMP: AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY

Hansen, Joyce
I THOUGHT MY SOUL WOULD RISE AND FLY: THE RECONSTRUCTION ERA DIARY OF PATSY, A FREED GIRL
The diary begins April 21, 1865 … "I am so frightened my heart is dancing a reel in my chest. I’ve never written in a book before." You are drawn in from the first paragraph.

Civil War Trilogy
WHICH WAY FREEDOM? [Book 1]
OUT FROM THIS PLACE [Book 2]
THE HEART CALLS HOME [Book 3]

BREAKING GROUND, BREAKING SILENCE : THE STORY OF NEW YORK'S AFRICAN BURIAL GROUND

Harding, Vincent
THERE IS A RIVER : THE BLACK STRUGGLE FOR FREEDOM IN AMERICA

Harrington, Janice N.
GOING NORTH - Ages: 5-8 - Leaving behind Big Mama, loving relatives, and the familiar red soil and cotton fields of Alabama, Jessie and her family are going north to Nebraska. They are pioneers searching for a better life, one with decent schools and jobs. But traveling through the segregated South is difficult for an African American family in the 1960s. With most public places reserved for "whites only," where will they stop to get gas and food? Lyrical free verse and evocative paintings capture the rhythm of the road and a young girl's longing as she wonders: Will I like it there? Will I like the North?

Haskins, James
BOUND FOR AMERICA: The Forced Migration of Africans to the New World Ages 7-10
THE COTTON CLUB - A story of the famous Harlem Club (out of print)
BLACK MUSIC IN AMERICA: A HISTORY THROUGH ITS PEOPLE - Overview of African American culture and the rise to jazz.

Haskins, James; Kathleen Benson, Floyd Cooper
AFRICAN BEGINNINGS Ages: 9-12
The **first of a seven-book series** introducing readers to civilizations that have had a lasting impact on the world's history and American culture.
BUILDING A NEW LAND : AFRICAN AMERICANS IN COLONIAL AMERICA [2001] Ages 7-10 - The colonial period in America (1607-1763). America changes from a society with slaves to a slave society.
BAYARD RUSTIN : Behind the Scenes of the Civil Rights Movement - YA
Biography of American Civil Rights Organizer who influenced Martin Luther King, Jr.
DELIVERING JUSTICE: W.W. Law and the Fight for Civil Rights - Ages 7-9. "Grow up and be somebody," Westley Wallace Law's grandmother encouraged him as a young boy living in poverty in segregated Savannah, Georgia. Determined to make a difference in his community, W.W. Law assisted blacks in registering to vote, joined the NAACP and trained protestors in the use of nonviolent civil disobedience, and, in 1961, led the Great Savannah Boycott. In that famous protest, blacks refused to shop in downtown Savannah. When city leaders finally agreed to declare all of its citizens equal, Savannah became the first city in the south to end racial discrimination.
A lifelong mail carrier for the U.S. Postal Service, W.W. Law saw fostering communication between blacks and whites as a fundamental part of his job. As this affecting, strikingly illustrated biography makes clear, this "unsung hero" delivered far more than the mail to the citizens of the city he loved.
----Candlewick Press 2005

Hegamin, Tonya
MOST LOVED IN ALL THE WORLD [An authentic and powerful account of slavery and how a handmade quilt helps a little girl leave home for freedom. With a poet's keen ear, Tonya Hegamin tells the account of a little girl whose mother is a secret agent on the Underground Railroad. Before sending her daughter north to freedom, the mother sews a quilt for her daughter, not only to guide her with its symbols of moss and the north star, but also to remind her always that the smiling girl in the center of the quilt is "most loved in all the world."] Ages 6-9. Historical fiction.

Hoffman, Mary
AMAZING GRACE and BOUNDLESS GRACE Ages: - 4-8
Pigtailed Grace wants to be Peter Pan and won't let narrow minded thinking stop her.
Boundless Grace is the sequal.

Hopkinson, Deborah
UP BEFORE DAYBREAK: COTTON AND PEOPLE IN AMERICA Ages 10-13 - Deborah Hopkinson captures the voices of the forgotten men, women, and children who worked in the cotton industry in America over the centuries. The voices of the slaves who toiled in the fields in the South, the poor sharecroppers who barely got by, and the girls who gave their lives to the New England mills spring to life through oral histories, archival photos, and Hopkinson's engaging narrative prose style. These stories are amazing and often heartbreaking, and they are imbedded deep in our nation's history.
SWEET LAND OF LIBERTY - This inspiring story of little-known civil rights champion Oscar Chapman and his role in Marian Anderson's concert at the Lincoln Memorial reminds readers that one person can truly make a difference. On Easter Sunday 1939, Marian Anderson performed at the foot of the Lincoln Memorial in front of a crowd of over 75,000 people. The person largely responsible for putting her there was a white man, Oscar Chapman, assistant secretary of the interior under President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. When Chapman learned that Marian Anderson was not allowed to sing at Constitution hall because of the color of her skin, he took it upon himself to do the impossible: find Marian Anderson an appropriate venue for a concert and make an important statement about equality and the rights of all Americans. With support from the highest levels of U.S. government, Chapman helped produce a landmark concert that-for at least one evening-bridged the color divide to bring a city and much of the nation together. (Ages 6-9)

Howard, Elizabeth Fitzgerald
VIRGIE GOES TO SCHOOL WITH US BOYS - Virgie wants to go to the Quaker school with her five brothers. Ages 6-10

Hubbard, Crystal
THE LAST BLACK KING OF THE KENTUCKY DERBY: THE STORY OF JIMMY WINKFIELD (Ages 6-11) - Born into an African American sharecropping family in 1880s Kentucky, Jimmy Winkfield grew up loving horses. The large, powerful animals inspired little Jimmy to think big. Looking beyond his family’s farm, he longed for a life riding on action-packed racetracks around the world. Like his hero, the great Isaac Murphy, Jimmy “Wink” Winkfield would stop at nothing to make it as a jockey. Though his path to success was wrought with obstacles both on the track and off, Wink faced each challenge with passion and a steadfast spirit. Along the way he carved out a lasting legacy as one of history’s finest horsemen and the last African American ever to win the Kentucky Derby.

Hudson, Wade
POWERFUL WORDS: More Than 200 Years of Extraordinary Writing By African Americans - Ages 10 Up
This is a moving collection of excerpted writings (letters, speeches, poetry, novels, songs, and more) by famous African-Americans with thoughtful commentary on the authors, as well as the impact the writings have had on society. Benjamin Banneker. Dred Scott. Ida B. Wells Barnett. Marcus Garvey. Langston Hughes. Rosa Parks. Malcolm X. Toni Morrison. Lauryn Hill. These and many more are the people who have helped shape African-American culture throughout history.

Hughes, Langston, Ossie Davis, Milton Meltzer
BLACK MAGIC : A PICTORIAL HISTORY OF THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN IN THE PERFORMING ARTS

Hughes, Langston [Teacher Resource File]
THE COLLECTED POEMS OF LANGSTON HUGHES
BLACK MISERY - Ages 9-12. Collection of poetic vignettes.

Hurston, Zora Neale
MULES AND MEN- African-American history, legends, and folklore

Igus,Toyomi; Michele Wood (Illustrator)
GOING BACK HOME : AN ARTIST RETURNS TO THE SOUTH
I SEE THE RHYTHM - pictorial time line of African-American music from the 16th Century to present. 1999 Coretta Scott King Award for Illustration. Ages 4-8

Issa, Kai Jackson
HOWARD THURMAN'S GREAT HOPE (Ages 6-11) [Born in segregated Daytona, Florida, in 1900, Howard Thurman grew up dreaming of a better life-a life where his mother and grandmother would not have to cook and clean for other people; a life where he could become a college man, honoring his late father's wishes and his own dreams. Through hard work, perseverance, and the support of friends and family, young Howard transcended the limits on Negro education in Daytona and earned a scholarship to an out-of-town high school. His dream did not come easily and was nearly lost, until a kind act by a stranger at a railroad station aided Howard in a time of need. A moving testament to the bonds of community and the power of faith. Illuminates the early life of the man who became a seminal civil rights leader and an inspiration to the nation.

Jemison, Dr. Mae
Find Where the Wind Goes: Moments from My Life [first woman of color in the world to travel into space]

Johnson, Angela
WIND FLYERS - Ponder a band of undercelebrated World War II heroes -- the Tuskegee Airmen. With fleeting prose and transcendent imagery, this book reveals how a boy's love of flight takes him on a journey from the dusty dirt roads of Alabama to the war-torn skies of Europe and into the hearts of those who are only now beginning to understand the part these brave souls played in the history of America. Ages 5-9

Johnson, Dolores
ONWARD: A PHOTOBIOGRAPHY OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN POLAR EXPLORER MATTHEM HENSON [Lesson Plan]

Jordon, Vernon
VERNON CAN READ: A Memoir - YA - Adult. Civil Rights Leader, friend and advisor to presidents.

Jurmain, Suzanne
FREEDOM’S SONS: THE TRUE STORY OF THE AMISTAD Ages: 9-12
March 13, 1841 the headline in The Colored American" reads: AMISTAD CAPTIVE - VICTORY-JUSTICE TRIUMPHANT. The story starts when 53 Africans aboard the Cuban slave ship Amistad break out of their chains and take over the ship. This was the only successful revolt in American History. [SEE LINK BELOW]

Katz, Karen
THE COLORS OF US (1999) Ages 4-8

Katz, William
THE BLACK WEST: A DOCUMENTARY AND PICTORAL HISTORY OF THE AFRICAN AMERICAN ROLE IN THE WESTWARD EXPANSION OF THE UNITED STATES - YA/Adult - This entirely new edition of a famous classic has glorious new photographs—many never before seen—as well as a revised and expanded text that deepens our understanding of the vital role played by African American men and women on our early frontiers.Inspired by a conversation that William Loren Katz had with Langston Hughes, The Black West presents long-neglected stories of daring pioneers such as Nat Love, a.k.a. Deadwood Dick, Mary Fields, a.k.a. Stagecoach Mary, Cranford Goldsby, a.k.a. Cherokee Bill—and a host of other intrepid men and women who marched into the wilderness alongside Chief Osceola, Billy the Kid, and Geronimo.Featuring captivating narratives and photographs (many from the author’s world-famous collection), The Black West enriches and deepens our stirring frontier saga. From slave runaways during the colonial era, to the journeys of Lewis and Clark, to the charge at San Juan Hill, Katz vividly recounts the crucial contributions African Americans made during scores of frontier encounters. With its stirring pictures and vivid eyewitness accounts, The Black West is an exhilarating treasure trove.
--Harlem Moon 2005

Kay, Alan
SEND 'EM SOUTH - Ages 12-15 - Civil War Fiction [ [Lesson Plan]

Kaufman, Kenneth
DRED SCOTT'S ADVOCATE : A BIOGRAPHY OF ROSWELL M. FIELD

Lawrence, Jacob
THE GREAT MIGRATION: AN AMERICAN STORY Ages 9-12 -History and the American experience through the eyes of one of America's premier artists with peom by Walter Dean Myers.
HARRIET AND THE PROMISED LAND Ages 4-8

King, Martin Luther, Jr.
THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. (1998)
A TESTAMENT OF HOPE : THE ESSENTIAL WRITINGS AND SPEECHES OF MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.(1998), James Melvin Washington, Editor

Kurtz, Jane [See Picturebooks]

Lasky, Kathryn
A VOICE OF HER OWN: The Story of Phillis Wheatley, Slave Poet (Ages 8-12)

Lester, Julius
DAY OF TEARS (2005) Ages: 11-14. Behind the Book with Julius Lester. [Draws on historical sources to fictionalize a real event: the biggest slave auction in American history, which took place in Savannah, Georgia, in 1859...The horror of the auction and its aftermath is unforgettable. The personal voices make this a stirring text for group discussion. Excellent for read aloud. Author's Notes and References in back of book.]
UNCLE REMUS: THE COMPLETE COLLECTION All Ages. (1999) Collection of Tales of Uncle Remus, More Tales of Uncle Remus, Further Tales of Uncle Remus, and Last Tales of Uncle Remus. [resources and Cover of the first Uncle Remus volume, "Legends of the Old Plantation" (1881)] [About Joel Chandler Harris]
FROM SLAVE SHIP TO FREEDOM ROAD Ages: 9 –12 - - The trail of slavery from Africa through the Civil War.
JOHN HENRY 4-8. African American folk hero who becomes as awesome as a natural phenomenon yet as familiar and strong as an older brother. Beautiful book and illustrated by Jerry Pinkney. "Dying ain’t important. Everybody does that. What matters if how well you do your living."
AND ALL OUR WOUNDS FORGIVEN - Adult
This powerful novel, as romantic as it is political, charts the rise and fall and assassination of the charismatic.
TO BE A SLAVE- 1969 Newbery Honor Book. Ages: YA. (1998) 30th Anniversary Edition.
TIME'S MEMORY - Young Adult - Amma is the creator god, the master of life and death, and he is worried. His people have always known how to take care of the spirits of the dead – the nyama – so that they don’t become destructive forces among the living. But amid the chaos of the African slave trade and the brutality of American slavery, too many of his people are dying and their souls are being ignored in this new land. Amma sends a young man, Ekundayo, to a plantation in Virginia where he becomes a slave on the eve of the Civil War. Amma hopes that Ekundayo will be able to find a way to bring peace to the nyama before it is too late. But Ekundayo can see only sorrow in this land – sorrow in the ownership of people, in the slaves who have been separated from their children and spouses, in the restless spirits of the dead, and in his own forbidden relationship with his master’s daughter. (Fiction).

Ellen Levine
FREEDOM'S CHILDREN [1999] - collection of true stories about what it was like to fight segregation in the South from thirty African-Americans who were children or teenagers in the 1950s and 1960s.
HENRY'S FREEDOM BOX (Illustrated by Kadir Nelson) - Ages 5-8 - Henry Brown doesn't know how old he is. Nobody keeps records of slaves' birthdays. All the time he dreams about freedom, but that dream seems farther away than ever when he is torn from his family and put to work in a warehouse. When Henry grows up and marries, he is again devastated when his family is sold at the slave market. Then one day, as he lifts a crate at the warehouse, he knows exactly what he must do: He will mail himself to the North. After an arduous journey in the crate, Henry finally has a birthday -- his first day of freedom.

Cynthia Levinson
WE'VE GOT A JOB: THE 1963 BIRMINGHAM CHILDREN'S MARCH (Ages 10 and up) - tells the little-known story of the 4,000 black elementary-, middle-, and high school students who voluntarily went to jail in Birmingham, Alalama, between May 2 and May 11, 1963. Fulfilling Mahatma Gandhi s and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. s precept to fill the jails, they succeeded where adults had failed in desegregating one of the most racially violent cities in America. Focusing on four of the original participants who have participated in extensive interviews, We've Got a Job recounts the astonishing events before, during, and after the Children s March.

Sonia Levitin
DREAM FREEDOM - Slavery in the Sudan - Ages 10 Up

Littlesugar, Amy
TREE OF HOPE(1999) Ages 4-8. Theatre in Harlem during the Great Depression.

Mason, Margaret H.
THESE HANDS Ages 4-8 [Joseph’s grandpa could do almost anything with his hands. He could play the piano, throw a curveball, and tie a triple bowline knot in three seconds flat. But in the 1950s and 60s, he could not bake bread at the Wonder Bread factory. Factory bosses said white people would not want to eat bread touched by the hands of the African Americans who worked there. In this powerful intergenerational story, Joseph learns that people joined their hands together to fight discrimination so that one day, their hands—Joseph’s hands—could do anything at all in this whole wide world.]

MacLeod, Elizabeth
GEORGE WASHINGTON CARVER: AN INNOVATIVE LIFE - Ages 9-12 - Scientist, inventor and professor who became a symbol of African American success and interracial harmony. George Washington Carver was the orphan son of slaves, but he went on to become the world-famous "Peanut Scientist."

McBride, James
THE COLOR OF WATER: A BLACK MAN'S TRIBUTE TO HIS WHITE MOTHER

McCully, Emily Arnold
THE ESCAPE OF ONEY JUDGE: MARTHA WASHINGTON'S SLAVE FINDS FREEDOM - ges 7-9 - When General George Washington is elected the first President of the United States, his wife chooses young Oney Judge, a house slave who works as a seamstress at Mount Vernon, to travel with her to the nation’s capital in New York City as her personal maid. When the capital is moved to Philadelphia, the Washingtons and Oney move, too, and there Oney meets free blacks for the first time. At first Oney can’t imagine being free – she depends on the Washingtons for food, warmth, and clothing. But then Mrs. Washington tells Oney that after her death she will be sent to live with Mrs. Washington’s granddaughter. Oney is horrified because she knows it is likely that she will then be sold to a stranger – the worst fate she can imagine. Oney realizes she must run. One day she sees an opportunity and takes it, ending up in New Hampshire, where she lives the rest of her life, poor but free.

McDonough, Yona Zeldis
PEACEFUL PROTEST: THE LIFE OF NELSON MANDELA (Ages 7-10) - Nelson Mandela is one of the most inspiring figures in modern history. For 27 years he was a “prisoner of conscience”—a civil rights leader unjustly imprisoned for his struggle against apartheid, South Africa’s institutionalized racism. Mandela’s nonviolent fight for equality for his people rallied the world to his cause, and proved that good will and a positive gathering of nations can indeed topple oppressive governments.

McKissack, Patricia C. and Frederick
BLACK HANDS, WHITE SAILS: THE STORY OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN WHALERS 9-12 (1999)
REBELS AGAINST SLAVERY: AMERICAN SLAVES REVOLT - Ages 9-12
Check their other books as well honoring African-American, African and Historical figures.
SOJOURNER TRUTH : AIN'T I A WOMAN? - Ages 9-12. Photos, historical reproductions; bibliography. biography of Sojourner Truth, women's rights activist.
DAYS OF JUBILEE: The End Of Slavery In The United States - Ages 8-12

Mc Mullan, Kate
The Story of Harriet Tubman : Conductor of the Underground Railroad - Ages 9-12

McWhorter,Diane
A DREAM OF FREEDOM: THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT FROM 1954 TO 1968 - Ages: 9 Up
In this history of the modern Civil Rights movement, Pulitzer Prize-winning author Diane McWhorter focuses on the monumental events that occurred between 1954 (the year of Brown versus the Board of Education) and 1968 (the year that Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assasinated). Beginning with an overview of the movement since the end of the Civil War, McWhorter also discusses such events as the 1956 MTGS bus boycott, the 1961 Freedom Rides, and the 1963 demonstration in Birmingham, Alabama, among others.

Mendez, Phil
THE BLACK SNOWMAN Ages: 4-8 [Teacher Resource]
Jacob who is poor and unhappy living in the city says to his Mama that he "I hate being black…Everything black is bad!" It takes a Black Snowman and the tattered kente, a brightly colored African cloth of the Ashanti tribe, to find his own self worth and the beauty of his black hereitage.

Miller, William
RICHARD WRIGHT AND THE LIBRARY CARD - Ages 7-9 - In Memphis, TN in the 1920s, public library privileges did not extend to blacks. This fictinalized account is based on the life of Richard Wright who loved the sound of words and wanted desperately to read. He later became a writer and international bestselling author. Richard Wright (1908-1960) [Lesson Plan Grade 4,5]

Michelson, Richard
AS GOOD AS ANYBODY (Ages 7-10) [Martin Luther King, Jr. and Abraham Joshua Heschel. Their names stand for the quest for justice and equality. Martin grew up in a loving family in the American South, at a time when this country was plagued by racial discrimination. He aimed to put a stop to it. He became a minister like his daddy, and he preached and marched for his cause. Abraham grew up in a loving family many years earlier, in a Europe that did not welcome Jews. He found a new home in America, where he became a respected rabbi like his father, carrying a message of peace and acceptance.
Here is the story of two icons for social justice, how they formed a remarkable friendship and turned their personal experiences of discrimination into a message of love and equality for all.

Morrison, Toni
THE BLUEST EYES - Young Adult and Up

Morrow, Barbara Olenyik (Ages 6-8)
A GOOD NIGHT FOR FREEDOM [Underground RR]

Moses, Sheila
I, DRED SCOTT: A FICTIONAL SLAVE NARRATIVE BASED ON THE LIFE AND LEGAL PRECEDENT OF DRED SCOTT (Ages 10 Up)
Born into slavery in Virginia in the late 1700s, Dred Scott had little to look forward to in life. But he was fortunate in two ways: His first owner was fairly kind to him, and he grew up with his owner's children, forming friendships that he would come to depend on years later. For on April 6, 1846, Dred Scott and his wife, Harriett -- their ownership having changed hands several times during adulthood -- took the dangerous and courageous step to sue for their freedom, entering into legal battles that would last for eleven years. During this time Dred Scott would need all the help and support he could get -- from folks in the community all the way back to the people with whom he had been raised.
With a foreword by Dred Scott's great-grandson, Shelia P. Moses' stunning story chronicles Dred Scott's experiences as a slave, as a plaintiff in one of the most important legal cases in American history, and -- at last -- as a free man. Dred Scott's story is one of tremendous courage and fierce determination. His is a life that should be known by -- and should inspire -- all Americans.
THE LEGEND OF BUDDY BUSH (Ages 11 Up) The day Uncle Goodwin "Buddy" Bush came from Harlem all the way back home to Rehobeth Road in Rich Square, North Carolina, is the day Pattie Mae Sheals' life changes forever.
Pattie Mae adores and admires Uncle Buddy -- he's tall and handsome and he doesn't believe in the country stuff most people believe in, like ghosts and stepping off the sidewalk to let white folks pass. He unsettles the dust and brings fresh ideas to Rehobeth Road. But when Buddy's deliberate inattention to the protocol of 1947 North Carolina lands him in jail for a crime against a white woman that he didn't commit, Pattie Mae and her family are suddenly set to journeying on the long, hard road that leads from loss and rage to forgiveness and pride.
Shelia P. Moses tells a moving and lyrical story in The Legend of Buddy Bush that introduces the remarkable and memorable character of Pattie Mae Sheals -- a girl whose sense of humor, ability to get into "grown folks business," and determination to know the truth will endear her to readers everywhere. [historical fiction/lesson plan included]

Musgrove, Margaret; Diane and Leo Dillon, Illustrators
ASHANTI TO ZULU - African traditions and customs
THE SPIDER WEAVER: A Legend of Kente Cloth Ages 5-9

Myers, Walter Dean
HARLEM: A POEM Ages: 5 and up (Caldecott Honor Book) - The spirit of Harlem in music, art, literature, and everyday life.
BROWN ANGELS: AN ALBUM OF PICTURES AND VERSE - Collection of poems and photos about African American children around the turn of the century.
ANGEL TO ANGEL: A MOTHER'S GIFT OF LOVE
AMISTAD: A LONG ROAD TO FREEDOM - [1839, the slave ship "Amistad" and the trial, "The Amistad Affair"   [Lesson Actitivies]
I'VE SEEN THE PROMISED LAND: The Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Ages 6 Up
Set against key moments in the civil rights movement here is the story of the powerful, eloquent spiritual leader and his belief that nonviolence could be used to overcome racial discrimination.
--Amistad Press 2003
THE HARLEM HELLFIGHTERS: WHEN PRIDE MET COURAGE [the first children's book about the courageous Harlem Hellfighters, the African American soldiers of the 369th Infantry Regiment of World War I]
BLUES JOURNEY - Ages 10 and Up - The African experience in America is celebrated with a soulful, affecting blues poem. "Blues- what you mean to me?/-Are you my pain and misery,/or my sweet, sweet company?"

Nelson, Kadir
WE ARE THE SHIP: THE STORY OF NEGRO LEAGUE BASEBALL - The story of Negro League baseball is the story of gifted athletes and determined owners; of racial discrimination and international sportsmanship; of fortunes won and lost; of triumphs and defeats on and off the field. It is a perfect mirror for the social and political history of black America in the first half of the twentieth century. But most of all, the story of the Negro Leagues is about hundreds of unsung heroes who overcame segregation, hatred, terrible conditions, and low pay to do the one thing they loved more than anything else in the world: play ball. Ages 8-13.

Nelson, Marilyn
CARVER: A LIFE IN POEMS- Ages 11 Up [George Washington Carver]
The Freedom Business Born a prince in Africa, Venture Smith would become known to history as the first man to document both his capture from Africa and life as an American slave. Nelson's controlled verse layers this edition with insight into Smith's stoic eighteenth-century prose.(Ages 11-14) [Learn More: The Freedom Business: Connecticut Landscapes Through the Eyes of Venture Smith]

Nolen, Jerdine
ELIZA'S FREEDOM ROAD: An Underground Railroad Diary [It is 1852 in Alexandria, Virginia. Eliza's mother has been sent away and it is Abbey, the cook, who looks after Eliza, when Eliza isn't taking care of the Mistress. Eliza has the quilt her mother left her and the memory of the stories she told to keep her close. When her Mistress's health begins to fail and Eliza overhears the Master talk of Eliza being traded, Eliza takes to the night. She follows the path and the words of the farmhand Old Joe, " … travel the night … sleep the day. Go East. Your back to the set of the sun until you come to the safe house where the candlelight lights the window." All the while, Eliza recites the stories her mother taught her along her Freedom Road from Maryland to St. Catherine's, Canada.] (Ages 8-12)

Okutoro, Lydia
QUIET STORM: VOICES OF YOUNG BLACK POETS - Ages 9-12. (1999) The concept: being black can also be Haitian, Jamaican and Panamanian. This book is divided into sections, each with a different theme such as black pride, honoring our ancestors and "life in the hood". A poem by well known poets like Gwendolyn Brooks or Langston Hughes ileads off each section.

Olaleye, Isaac O.
IN THE RAINFIELD WHO IS THE GREATEST Ages 4-8 - Wind, Fire and Rain argue, who is the greatest.

William Perdomo
VISITING LANGSTON - Ages 4-8. This rhythmic tale is a wonderful introduction to the work and world of Langston Hughes, who was a central figure of the Harlem Renaissance and an American cultural hero.

Pinkney, Andrea Davis
LET IT SHINE: The Stories of Ten Black Women Freedom Fighters [2000] Ages 9-12. When Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus, she sparked a protest that changed America. Ten freedom fighters are featured in this book. It's a story about courage in the face of inequality, oppression, prejudice, and fear. It's a story about the challenges and triumphs of the battle for civil rights. And it's a story about speaking out for what you believe, even when it feels like no one is listening.

Pinkney, Jerry
GOD BLESS THE CHILD by Billie Holiday and Arathur Herzog, Jr., Jerry Pinkney, Illustrator
Billie Holiday's song takes on a deeper meaning when accompanied by Jerry Pinkney's tender images of a family's journey during the Great Migration of the 1930's when millions of African-Americans fled from the rural south to the urban north in hope of making a better life for their families. [Includes CD of Billie Holiday singing "God Bless the Child" and author's notes.]

Polacco, Patricia
PINK AND SAY Ages: 5 and up.
Say, a white youth and Pinkus, a black youth meet as soldiers during the Civil War.
"To be born a slave is a heap o’ trouble…but after Aylee taught me to read, even though he owned my person, I knew that nobody, ever, could really own me."

Doreen Rappaport
A FREEDOM RIVER - a former slave risked his life to help other slaves escape. Ages 6 Up
MARTIN'S BIG WORDS: The Life of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Ages 4-8 - a picture book biography of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., brings his life and the profound nature of his message to children through his own words. [Lesson Plan]
THE SCHOOL IS NOT WHITE! A TRUE STORY OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT (Ages 7-9) - All they wanted was to learn. In Drew, Mississippi, in 1965, the schools were still segregated. The "all-black" schools were separate and unequal to "white" schools, lacking resources and support from the government. The Carters, a family of sharecroppers, had had enough. Mae Bertha and Matthew wanted their children to have an equal opportunity for a good education. So they sent their kids to the "all-white" schools.Teasing, death threats, and rebuking followed-from the white children and the white adults and teachers. It was not easy to be black and wage a fight for equality, but that's just what the Carters did. Their faith in a higher power and in the goodness of people helped them battle through ignorance and prejudice. As President John F. Kennedy said, "When Americans are sent to war, we do not ask for whites only. American students of any color should be able to attend any school." For the Carters, it would be the fight of their lives.This is a true story of faith, courage, and honor: qualities Americans of any color can learn from the Carters.
NO MORE! STOREIS AND SONG OF SLAVE RESISTANCE
This stunning collection – spanning the period from the early days of slavery to the Emancipation Proclamation – is an invaluable resource for teachers, parents, libraries, students, and people everywhere who care about what it means to be free, what it is to be human. (Ages 9-12)
FREE AT LAST!: STORIES AND SONGS OF EMANCIPATION - Vignettes, interwoven with spirituals, work songs, blues lyrics, poems, and a compelling narrative recounting the experience of black Americans in the South from the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 through the dawn of the Civil Rights era in 1954. Drawing from true accounts, Doreen Rappaport writes of hopes for equality dashed by new "legal" injustices, and of a climate of fear and uncertainty fueled by intimidation, lynchings, and the rise of the Ku Klux Klan. But she tells also of the courageous struggle to re-create family and community life, achieve economic independence, explore creative expression, and eventually mount a successful legal challenge against segregation.

Ransome, Lesa Cline-Ransome
MAJOR TAYLOR, CHAMPION CYCLIST - Ages 6 Up
Marshall Taylor could ride his bike forward, backward, even perched on the handlebars. When his stunts landed him a job at the famous Indiana bike shop Hay and Willits, folks were amazed that a thirteen-year-old black boy in 1891 could be such a crackerjack cyclist.
How little Marshall Taylor -- through dedication, undeniable talent, and daring speed -- transformed himself into the extraordinary Major Taylor is chronicled in this inspiring biography. Here is the story of a kid who turned pro at the age of eighteen, went on to win the world championship title just three years later, and battled racism and the odds to become a true American hero.
--Atheneum 2004

Raven, Margot Theis
CIRCLE UNBROKEN - Ages 6 Up
Now, you've asked me, child, how I come to sew...
With these words, a grandmother begins to weave a story, going back generations to her old-timey grandfather's village in faraway Africa. There, as a boy, he learned to hunt and fish, to make ropes and nets and traps - and baskets so tightly woven they could hold the rain.
Even after being stolen away to a slave ship bound for the strange new land of America, he remembers the things he learned. Working in the rice fields of a plantation from "day clean to sun-go-red," he remembers-and passes these memories on to his children, as they do to their own children.
With powerful images, this story of the preservation of the art of the sweetgrass baskets of the South Carolina and Georgia Lowcountry spirals through time and expands in meaning until it becomes a triumphant song-one that tells a rich story of a craft, a culture, and a people.
--Melanie Kroupa Books/Farrar, Strauss and Giroux 2004 [Sweetgrass Basket History]
NIGHT BOAT TO FREEDOM - Ages 6 Up
When Granny Judith asks twelve-year-old Christmas John to row Molly, cook’s daughter, across the river from Kentucky to the Free State of Ohio, he’s terrified. Bravely, he begins the first of many journeys. Each time he returns, Granny Judith asks what color clothing his passenger wore, for she’s had a dream-vision and is making a quilt from squares of these “freedom colors.” When there are only two squares left, she tells him, “Dream says we got to get ourselves over the river, ’cause the danger’s gonna grow awful.” This compelling story, powerfully and poignantly illustrated, is a memorable celebration of courage, hope, and unselfish love.

Faith Ringgold [Ringgold Exhibition] [Resource File] [Teacher Guides]
If a Bus Could Talk: The Story of Rosa Parks
Aunt Harriet's Underground Railroad in the Sky
Tar Beach
Dinner at Aunt Connie's House

Paul, Jr. Robeson   [The Paul Robeson Residence]
THE UNDISCOVERED PAUL ROBESON, Volume 1 (1898-1939) - Biography of athlete, actor, singer, lawyer and activist.
Video (1999) PAUL ROBESON: HERE I STAND

Ritter, Lawrence S.
LEAGUES APART:THE MEN AND TIMES OF THE NEGRO BASEBALL LEAGUES

Robinson, Sharon
PROMISES TO KEEP: HOW JACKIE ROBINSON CHANGED AMERICA
Sharon Robinson shares memories of her famous father in this warm loving biography of the man who broke the color barrier in baseball. Jackie Robinson was an outstanding athlete, a devoted family man and a dedicated civil rights activist. The author explores the fascinating circumstances surrounding Jackie Robinson's breakthrough. She also tells the off-the-field story of Robinson's hard-won victories and the inspiring effect he had on his family, his community. . . his country! Includes never-before-published letters by Jackie Robinson, as well as photos from the Robinson family archives.

Rochelle, Belinda
JEWELS Ages: 4-8 Young girl spends summer vacation with her grandparents and learns through stories about her heritage. A bonding.
WORDS WITH WINGS: A Treasury of African-American Poetry and Art [2000] All Ages. - introduces readers of all ages to poetry and art spanning the nineteenth century through the present. The collection has been carefully selected and paired to explore different themes-some universal and some particularly African-American, illustrating the incredible diversity of African-American poetry and art. The color, vibrancy, and mixture of artists and poets make for a fabulous keepsake book of African-American culture, to be treasured for its beauty and educational values. An introduction and informative biographies of all the contributors are included.

Rossi, Ann
FREEDOM STRUGGLE: THE ANTI-SLAVERY MOVEMENT 1830-1865 (Ages: 9-12) By 1860 nearly 4 million black people were slaves in the United States. The lives of these people were very difficult and provided them no freedoms. In the early part of the 19th century, rumblings from people who felt that slavery was wrong began to surface. These people came to be known as abolitionists. Freedom Struggle tells the story of the fight they waged to end slavery in America. The reader will learn about leaders of the anti-slavery movement, including Frederick Douglass, the Grimkes, Harriet Tubman, and John Brown, among others, and how members of the Underground Railroad helped slaves escape the South to the free states of the North. The slavery debate took over and divided the nation, becoming one of the primary issues of the Civil War and threatening to destroy our country. Examples of arguments from opposing sides are found in this book. After many struggles and many years, constitutional amendments (the 13th and the 14th) were passed giving black Americans greater civil liberties and ended slavery in the U.S. The abolitionists had won! Like the other books in the series, Freedom Struggle is illustrated with period photographs, paintings and drawings. Also included are a glossary and an index.

San Souci, Robert; Jerry Pinkney, Illustrator
THE HIRED HAND: AN AFRICAN-AMERICAN FOLKTALE Ages 5 & Up
THE TALKING EGGS Ages: 5 & Up
THE SECRET OF THE STONES: A FOLKTALE (1999) Ages 4-8

Schroeder, Alan
MINTY: A STORY OF YOUNG HARRIET TUBMAN (1996) 4-8

Schotter, Roni
F IS FOR FREEDOM by Roni Schotter [2000] Ages 9-12. "Reading is freedom," Hannah's mother has always told her. "The thoughts in books are powerful strong, stronger even than chains," her father has said. One sharp knock at midnight, then a double thump. Impulsive, imaginative Amanda loves to read and playact, but this noise is real. Outside, her father is unloading a wagon. Out of the sacks come a man, a woman holding a sleeping baby, and Hannah, a tall, thin girl about Amanda's age-runaway slaves!

Set a decade before the Civil War, this moving story crackles with suspense and says as much about the power of words as it does about the power of friendship.

Shange, Ntozake
WHITEWASH Ages: mature 4 and up
"White Wash" is based on a series of true incidents. The book tells of a terrible racial incident that becomes a lesson in tolerance and triumph. This is NOT fluff.
FOR COLORED GIRLS WHO HAVE CONSIDERED SUICIDE/WHEN THE RAINBOW IS ENUF: A CHORE POEM, Ages YA/A reprinted from the 70’s. Powerful ! [The Play]

ELLINGTON WAS NOT A STREET Ages 6 Up
In a reflective tribute to the African-American community of old, noted poet Ntozake Shange recalls her childhood home and the close-knit group of innovators that often gathered there. These men of vision, brought to life in the majestic paintings of artist Kadir Nelson, lived at a time when the color of their skin dictated where they could live, what schools they could attend, and even where they could sit on a bus or in a movie theater.
Yet in the face of this tremendous adversity, these dedicated souls and others like them not only demonstrated the importance of Black culture in America, but also helped issue in a movement that "changed the world." Their lives and their works inspire us to this day, and serve as a guide to how we approach the challenges of tomorrow.
--Simon & Schuster Children's Publishing 2004

Shore, Diane
THIS IS THE DREAM - Ages 6-11 - Our nation was founded on the belief that all men are created equal. Nearly two hundred years after the signing of the Declaration of Independence, slavery had been abolished but America was still segregated. Then: Enter the students who marched into the first desegregated school, the passengers who boycotted the buses, and the leaders who stood up and spoke out. When they started, it was all just a dream. . . . [Teacher Guide and Student Activity Guide]

Siegelson, Kim L.; Brian Pinkney (Illustrator)
IN THE TIME OF THE DRUMS [Mentu, an American-born slave boy, watches his beloved grandmother, Twi, lead the insurrection at Teakettle Creek of Ibo people arriving from Africa on a slave ship.] (Ages 6-9)

Smalls, Irene
THE JOHNKANKUS

Stock, Catherine
Gugu's House
Where Are You Going Manyoni?

Smith, Jr., Charles R.
TWELVE ROUNDS TO GLORY: THE STORY OF MUHAMMAD ALI - From the moment a fired-up teenager from Kentucky won 1960 Olympic gold to the day in 1996 when a retired legend, hands shaking from Parkinson’s, returned to raise the Olympic torch, the boxer known as "The Greatest" waged many a fight. Some were in the ring, against opponents like Sonny Liston and Joe Frazier; others were against societal prejudice and against a war he refused to support because of his Islamic faith. Charles R. Smith Jr.’s rap-inspired verse weaves and bobs and jabs with relentless energy, while Bryan Collier’s bold collage artwork matches every move — capturing the "Louisville loudmouth with the great gift of rhyme" who shed the name Cassius Clay to take on the world as Muhammad Ali. - Ages 9-12

Stroud, Bettye
THE PATCHWORK PATH: A QUILT MAP TO FREEDOM - Ages: 5-8
The wagon wheel. The bear's paw. The flying geese. These are some of the squares in the quilt Hannah's mama helped her to sew--before Hannah's sister was sold to another plantation and before Mama died of a broken heart. Now that Hannah's papa has decided to make the run for freedom, this patchwork quilt is not just a precious memento of Mama--it's a series of hidden clues that will guide them along the Underground Railroad to Canada, where they'll finally be free. A fictionalized account of a fascinating oral history, The Patchwork Path tells the story of a brave father and his young daughter, two of thousands who escaped a life of slavery and made the dangerous journey to freedom--a story of courage, determination, and hope.

Supples, Kevin
SPEAKING OUT: THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT 1950-1964 (Ages 10 Up) In the 1950s, America was not a place of fulfilled dreams for the nation's black population. There was a great deal of prejudice and segregation that left African Americans with fewer civil rights than other Americans. Luckily, the people did not remain quiet. Instead, a vibrant movement for civil rights began in the United States—one that would last for decades and would face innumerable challenges. Speaking Out is the story of the extraordinary Civil Rights Movement. [Civil Rights Timeline] [Lesson Plans]
Adult

Sullivan, Charles
CHILDREN OF PROMISE: AFRICAN AMERICAN LITERATURE AND ART FOR YOUNG PEOPLE Ages: 9 and up - Anthology of literature and art from slavery through 20th century.

Taulbert, Clifton L.
LITTLE CLIFF AND THE PORCH PEOPLE (1999) Ages 4-8 The value of community and respect for elders. (1999)

Taylor, Mildred D.
ROLL OF THUNDER HEAR MY CRY - Ages: 9-12 Newbery Medal
LET THE CIRCLE BE UNBROKEN (the sequel)

Thomas, Joyce Carol
BROWN HONEY IN BROOMWHEAT TEA - Celebrates family and individuality in collection of poems.

LINDA BROWN, YOU ARE NOT ALONE: The Brown V. Board of Education Decision
When the Supreme Court decision to desegregate public schools was handed down in 1954, the course of American history was forever changed. Brown v. Board of Education affected the life of every child in the United States and elicited emotions ranging from joy, relief, and gratitude to fear, anger, and resentment.
Here are personal reflections, stories, and poems from ten of today's most accomplished writers for children, all young people themselves at the time of the Brown v. Board of Education decision. Included are pieces by Michael Cart, Jean Craighead George, Eloise Greenfield, Lois Lowry, Katherine Paterson, Isbmael Reed, Jerry Spinelli, Joyce Carol Thomas, Quincy Troupe, and Leona Nicholas Welch. Their collected experiences and viewpoints offer a multifaceted window into the world of 1954. With a compelling introduction by editor Joyce Carol Thomas and outstanding pastel artwork by Curtis James, this collection celebrates the hard-earned promise of equality in education.
--Jump At The Sun, Hyperion Books For Children 2003

Thomas, Joyce Carol; Floyd Cooper (Illustrator)
I HAVE HEARD OF A LAND

Tillage, Leon Walter
Leon's Story Ages 8-12. Autobiographical story of sharecropper's son growing up in the segregated south. Includes moving dialogue between students and adults based on assembly speech to elementary school children. This is an engrossing oral history.

Walker, Alice
LANGSTON HUGHES, AMERICAN POET (Ages 7-11) - Langston Hughes wrote his first poem when he was only fourteen, and for the rest of his life he was always writing-stories and essays and, most of all, poems. He wrote about Black people as he saw them: happy, sad, mad, and beautiful. Through his writing he fought for freedom from inequality and injustice; and his gift of words inspired and influenced many other writers.
COLOR PURPLE
HER BLUE BODY EVERYTHING WE KNOW: EARTHLING POEMS 1965-1990 COMPLETE - Poems by author Alice Walker.

Walker, Sally M.
Jackie Robinson - First African-American to play modern major league baseball. Ages: 6-8 chapter book.

Washington, Booker T., W. E. B. Dubois, W.Johnson, John Hope Franklin, William E. Du Bois
THREE NEGRO CLASSICS : UP FROM SLAVERY, THE SOULS OF BLACK FOLK, THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF AN EX COLORED MAN.

Washington, Mary Helen, Editor
BLACK-EYED SUSANS/MIDNIGHT BIRDS : STORIES BY AND ABOUT BLACK WOMEN

WITNESSES TO FREEDOM : YOUNG PEOPLE WHO FOUGHT FOR CIVIL RIGHTS Ages: 9-12

Weatherford, Carole Boston
DEAR MR. ROSENWALD (Ages 6-9) - Based on the true story of the Rosenwald schools built in the rural African-American South in the 1920s, writer and poet Carol Boston Weatherford tells the lyrical story of third grader Ovella as her family and community help each other build a new, and much-prayed for, school. Inspired by Booker T. Washington, Julius Rosenwald, the son of an immigrant and the president of Sears, Roebuck and Co., donated millions of dollars to build schools for African-American children in the rural South.
Becoming Billie Holiday [Before the legend of Billie Holiday, there was a girl named Eleanora. "Life in Poems" of the great jazz singer. Afterword, biographies, references, further reading and listening] Ages 13 up. Beautifully done.

Whelan, Gloria
FRIEND ON FREEDOM RIVER - In 1850 the Detroit River was a major track along the Underground Railroad - the last step to freedom. The journey across the river was dangerous, especially in winter and especially for a 12-year old boy. When Louis's father left him in charge of the farm he offered his son this advice, "If you don't know what to do, just do what you think I would have done." Louis replies upon his father's words of wisdom when a runaway slave and her two children come looking for passage. It is extimated that 40,000 slaves traveled Michigan's Underground Railway. Ages: 6-10

Deborah Wiles
FREEDOM SUMMER Ages 4-8

Williams, Sherley Anne
WORKING COTTON Ages: 6-8

Winter, Jeanette
My Baby [how to make bogolan, traditional Mali cloth painted with mud]

Wright, Richard [See also Chronology of Wright's life/Selected Bibliography]
BLACK BOY is the first in-depth look at an African-American writer who changed the face of American literature. The film biography originally aired on PBS.


LINKS:
In no particular order
(Links will open in a new window)

Examining African-American Culture Through the Use of Children’s Literature Gr. 3

The National Civil Rights Museum exists to assist the public in understanding the lessons of the Civil Rights Movement and its impact and influence on human rights movements worldwide, through its collections, exhibitions, research and educational programs. The Museum presents a timeline of the civil rights struggle relating to African Americans and concentrates on the seminal events of the 1950's and 1960's.

Education Planet's Educator's Guide to Martin Luther King on the web. Here you can find great classroom resources for Martin Luther King Day, Black History Month, biographical studies and the study of the Civil Rights Movement.

Using Children's Literature and Art to Examine the African-American Resistance to Injustice

At http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/BHM/AfroAm.html you will find six Web sites that were created as models to suggest ways to integrate the World Wide Web and videoconferencing into classroom learning. African-American History was chosen as a topic because of its importance, popularity and the wealth of Internet resources available on the topic. Their goal is to add to this richness are some specific strategies for integrating the Web into learning. So rather than merely send learners to a Web site, they have arranged separate formats designed to support different kinds of learning.

African-American Art and the Political Dissent during the Harlem Renaissance

The Harlem Renaissance Births a Black Culture

African-American Sheet Music - included: The Development of an African-American Musical Theatre 1865-1910

Virtual Trip on the Underground Railroad

The Internet African American History Challenge© - interactive quiz that helps you sharpen your knowledge of African American History. It's an "open book" test. Three levels.

DEEP IN THE BUSH, WHERE PEOPLE RARELY GO - Using Folk Tales to Bring Africa Alive in the Classroom. The stories used in this lesson were collected by the author while serving as a Peace Corps Volunteer in Liberia, West Africa. He lived in Zwedru, a town surrounded by the rainforest, or "the bush" as the Liberians called it. These tales have been kid - tested and approved around the world with students of all ages. These stories, and any other African tales, work as a great introduction to the wealth of culture and history that Africa has to offer.

Nat Turner, Prophet, Visionary, Slave Revolt Leader

RESOURCES ON SLAVERY: Personalities, Locations, Slavery - Politics, Slave Resistance, and Underground Railroad - extensive.

Black American Literature: From Its Beginnings to the Present by Dr. Leon Jackson Ferris State University

African American Resources - an extensive collection of links for art, poetry, business, history, resources in Africa, publications ...

CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE by Henry David Thoreau - 1949

The Dred Scott Decision

African-American Women: On-line Archival Exhibits - collection of letters and memoirs of 19th century slave women, from Duke University.

Smithsonian: African American History and Culture

African Americans In History: Including: Benjamin Banneker, Sojourner Truth, Harriet Jacobs, Alexander Crummell, Harriet Tubman, Booker T. Washington, George Washington Carver, Ida Wells-Barnett, W.E.B. Du Bois, Mary McLeoad Bethune, Jessie Fauset, Zora Neale Hurston, E. Franklin Frazier, James Langston Hughes, Charles Drew, Margaret Walker, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, Jr., Lorraine Hansberry, Colin Powell, Charlayne Hunter-Gault, August Wilson, Carole Moseley-Braun, Carole Moseley-Braun.

Race and Place: An African American Community in the Jim Crow South - University of Virginia

Missouri Compromise was a plan agreed upon by the United States Congress in 1820 to settle the debate over slavery in the Louisiana Purchase area.

African American Mosaic - a Library of Congress Resource guide for the study of black history and culture.

African American Timeline - from 1527 to 1997 - A piece of history for each year.

Levi Jordan Plantation - an archaeological and historical site. The plantation was built in 1848 by Levi Jordan, his family, and the people who worked for them as slaves and, later, as tenant farmers and sharecroppers. This web site attempts to discus the lives of ALL of these people, and covers a period from 1848 until about 1888-1890.

The African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship from the Library of Congress - Displaying more than 240 items, including books, government documents, manuscripts, maps, musical scores, plays, films, and recordings.

Ain't I a Woman? - Sojourner Truth also Remodelled Lesson based on Ain't I a Woman Speech (understand Sojourner Truth's message in "Ain't I a Woman" by exploring thoughts underlying feelings, clarifying issues and claims, making inferences, and integrating critical vocabulary. K-12.

Biographical information on Sojouner Truth

Stamp on Black History - U. S. Postal Service

Amistad America - Building the Freedom Schooner (Mystic Seaport, CT)
Exploring Amistad - Timeline, Discovery, Living the History, Educational Resources, Living the History and Exhibits

The Underground Railroad
Harriet Tubman in St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada
Harriet Tubman - A Profile

Historic Places of the Civil Rights Movement - National Historic Register

Booker T. Washington Letters (scans of two original letters written on Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute Letterhead)

UP FROM SLAVERY: AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY by Booker T. Washington (online text)

Langston Hughes - Brief Biography
A study of Langston Hughes (1902-1967, poetry, comparisons to, contrasts, connections.

"The New Negro Movement"/" Harlem Renaissance" - An African-American cultural movement

The Free African American Community of Colonial Virginia

The Faces of Science: African Americans in the Sciences

Recent Acqusitions - The Manuscripts Department and the Rare Books Department of the University of Virginia Library mounted two concurrent exhibits respectively entitled "The Afro-American Experience" and "Two Hundred Years of Black
American Literature." The keepsake of the two exhibitions was entitled "Trading Eights."

List of Biographies from Agriculture to Sports

African Slavery in America - written in 1774 by Thomas Paine and published March 8, 1775 when it appeared in the Pennsylvania Journal and the Weekly Advertiser.

The Economics of the African Slave Trade

Jackson Davis Collection - 4,500 photographs of African-American educational scenes in the southern United States taken by during the period 1915-1930.

Biographical Profiles of Some Important 19th Century African Americans
Small Tribute to Black Women in History

The National Urban League - STATE OF BLACK AMERICA 1998 - Series of Essays

Urban Express contains a search engine and lists of annotated, rated and editorially reviewed links to sites of interest to African-American and urban-conscious consumers.

AFRICAN-AMERICAN ART ON THE INTERNET - Museums, Exhibits, Artists, Art.

River Road African American Museum

umoja, rodney c - A collection of poetry written by Rodney D. Coates, Ph.D., Director Black World Studies, Associate Professor of Sociology - African Studies, Miami University

Nat King Cole (1919-1965), recording artist. First Black entertainer to host a national TV show.

Connections: A Culturally Historical Prospective of West African to African American

Art and Life in Africa - People and Resources from AKAN to ZULU

Philip Emeagwali - The Bill Gates of Africa. Africa's most honored scientist and inventor.

Women of Color Resources:UMBC and Beyond

Africana Databases- English language database index of over 26,000 articles from over 200 English language and multi-lingual journals and periodicals that specialize in African Studies or consistently cover the African continent.

The African-American Mosaic - A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture

Updated: February 15, 2013